Computer benefits


 the computer

The importance of a computer or a computer lies in its simplification of many difficult or time-consuming tasks to complete. Such as industrial and commercial businesses, government departments, universities and institutes, and the computer is a tool with a high capacity for solving digital issues, in addition to its accuracy in preserving and retrieving information, designing and showing documents and images. A computer is defined linguistically as a device that is programmed to perform rapid operations or to store and retrieve information at any time [1]. As for the convention, the definition of a computer is that it is a machine programmed to perform certain functions and tasks, and it consists of a group of electronic parts that work together, forming a computer. [2] .


Computer pros

The computer has changed the shape of life in the current era, and has greatly affected the customs and traditions of society. Computer has entered into various fields and uses, making life easier and more enjoyable and better than before. The benefits of a computer can be summarized in several points:


Solve digital issues

Storage and retrieval of information

People use computers to store an incredibly large and enormous amount of information, which is called a database. This database contains huge data and information such as the population of a country, and the computer searches for specific information very quickly, and the information can be changed and modified in less than one second. [3] [4]


Create and view documents and photos

Meteorology uses a computer to predict the weather and climate change, and some programs are used in processing writings, texts, books, letters and various documents, and through the computer it is possible to correct spelling errors, and to amend sentences and words. As computers have become used in most fields, such as: people who work in the field of secretarial and legal, in addition to scientists and journalists.


robot

The computer can be used to control the robot (robot) that performs repetitive tasks, such as assembly line systems in industry, which relieve human labor from the natural and psychological stress associated with such tasks, and it is also used to control automatic devices and tools, such as: the telephone system, Automated withdrawals in banks, and automated flying devices for aircraft; Computers respond to these problems more quickly and accurately than humans do. [3] [4]


Education

Computers are used in the scientific and educational field in schools and universities, and the field of education is considered one of the fields that use the most computers. Because the computer provides a fun, easy and very flexible learning environment, the computer also contributed to solving the problem of student overcrowding in educational classes through distance education, and added a lot of fun and creativity in educational methods. [3] [4]

Computer negatives

The use of a computer is not without negatives that affect the personality of its user, such as: the depression of its users, in addition to the possibility of many of them feeling pain in the back and muscle tension, especially the neck muscles. Computer negatives The following is mentioned: [6]


Health damage: such as damage to the eyes due to long sitting in front of the computer, which leads to fatigue and exhaustion, and long sitting in front of the computer exposes the neck muscles to muscle problems, in addition to headaches that affect the head continuously.

Unemployment: the concept of unemployment emerged as one of the negatives of the computer. Because it has become known to have an increasing reliance on computers, computer programs, and computer-programmed machines, so the need for workers to be present in companies or factories decreased, and so the unemployment rate increased.

Wasting time and energy: the computer became accessible to everyone, and this in turn led to the emergence of wrong uses of the computer, such as using it for unhelpful purposes, especially if a person overreacted, such as: video games, and continuous conversation with other people via the Internet, which causes a waste of time, effort and lack of achievement. .

Computers and confidentiality: Individuals feel fear of threatening the security and confidentiality of their data and personal information through misuse or unauthorized penetration of computer databases. The databases contain medical, banking, social, commercial, and financial information, and the rules contain information for the state such as: security, And military information, and this information is dangerous and very confidential.

Computers and security: Some computer crimes take place from inside or outside the institution, and access to computers is prohibited without permission, but despite this, computer breaches may occur, and there are industry spies and phone line thieves who enter the computer, steal information and modify it, and individuals can steal Money using the computer to transfer and transfer money electronically from one account to another, also constitutes the theft of bank account details, theft of other people's money, or the blackmail of people by stealing their photos or posting them on social networking sites, and other thefts that target all types of data and information available On the Internet, it is a great challenge for professionals in the world of security and protection to reduce these dangers and actions, which greatly harm users.

Other problems: Information can be lost if a natural disaster occurs; Like an earthquake, fire, or floods. This causes disruption and delays in transactions, stoppage of work, and creates problems for customers, and damage to the computer may lead to several accidents and collisions in the movement of aircraft.

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