Definition of Artificial Intelligence


 Definition of artificial intelligence

Artificial Intelligence (in English: Artificial Intelligence) is one of the branches of computer science, and one of the main pillars of the technology industry in the current era, and the term artificial intelligence - referred to by the acronym (AI) - can be defined as the ability of digital machines and computers to carry out specific tasks that simulate It is similar to that which intelligent beings do; Such as the ability to think or learn from previous experiences or other processes that require mental operations, and artificial intelligence aims to reach systems that have intelligence and behave in the way humans behave in terms of learning and understanding, so that these systems provide their users with various services of education and guidance. Interaction, etc. [1] [2] [3]


The history of artificial intelligence

The date of the emergence of the term artificial intelligence goes back to the fifties of the twentieth century, specifically in the year 1950 AD when the scientist Alan Turing (English: Alan Turing) introduced what is known as the Turing Test (English: Turing Test), [3] which is concerned with assessing the intelligence of a computer and classifying it Intelligent if it is able to simulate the human mind. [4]


One year after the Turing test appeared, the first program to use artificial intelligence was created by Christopher Strachey - who was head of programming research at Oxford University - as he was able to run the checkers game (in English: checkers) through a computer and developed it. Then, Anthony Oettinger from the University of Cambridge designed a simulation experiment through a computer for the shopping process that the human person makes in more than one store. This simulation aimed to measure the ability of the computer to learn, and this was the first successful experience of what It is known as machine learning. [4]



 

The concept of artificial intelligence was officially announced in 1956 AD at Dartmouth College, but it has not made any progress for nearly twenty years, and this may be due to the limited computing capabilities that were available at the time. [5]


In 1979 the Stanford vehicle was built, which was the first computer-driven vehicle, [3] and in 1997 the first computer was able to overcome a human competitor in the game of chess, [5] and the pace of acceleration in artificial intelligence began at the beginning of the twenty-first century Until interactive robots became available in stores, but it went beyond that to have a robot that interacts with different emotions through facial expressions, and other robots that

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