Industry in Britain

The United Kingdom of Britain is the second largest industrial producer in Europe after Germany, as its revenues from industry were estimated in 2016 at about 505 billion dollars, and Britain has maintained its industrial production for 23 years, which led to the growth of the economy in a large way, where the auto industry grew by 3 percent. The mining and quarrying sectors also grew by 0.7%. [1]


British industry sector

The British manufacturing sector continued to decline in employment and contribute to the gross domestic product, which led to a decline in industrialization and a rise in unemployment rates at the beginning of the eighties. However, as soon as the economic growth in the country returned, there became a significant improvement in productivity and profits in British manufacturing, Food, beverages, chemicals, engineering, paper, metals, textiles, clothing, shoes, leather, and other major British manufacturing industries are among the most prominent British manufacturing industries. Electrical engineering and chemicals were among the fastest growing sectors, as many chemical industries appeared. Like pharmaceuticals, electrical engineering, industrial and transportation engineering have grown. [2]


There has also been a growth in the production of cars among foreign companies, especially Japanese companies, that invest in the United Kingdom, and the steel industry after a period of production of British exports increased dramatically during the nineties, despite that the growth rates of foodstuffs, beverages, tobacco, and leather, Engineering is low, and textiles, clothing and footwear have also declined. Because British companies faced great difficulty in competing with imports from other countries, especially imports from Asia. [2]


British industrial products and their places of manufacture

Manufactured goods, fuel, chemicals, food, beverages, and tobacco are among Britain's most important exports, and include many major industrial and commercial areas, which are concentrated in the major suburbs where about a third of the country's population lives, and among the most important industrial cities in Britain are the following: (3 ]


The City of London: is the administrative and financial center in Britain, and the first financial city in Europe, and it includes many manufacturing industries.

West Midlands Province: It manufactures metal goods, vehicles, airplanes, synthetic fibers, and electronic equipment.

Greater Manchester: The cotton and synthetic textile industry, charcoal, and chemical industries are located in it, as well as transport and storage centers.

Leeds and Bradford regions: wool and textile industries are thriving.

South Wales: in addition to the ports of Swansea, Cardiff and Newport, it includes important industries; As oil refining, and mineral production; Like lead, zinc, nickel, aluminum, synthetic fibers, and electronics.

Scotland: famous for shipbuilding, marine engineering, printing, textile production, food, and chemicals.

Belfast, Northern Ireland: a center for shipbuilding, textiles and food products.

References

↑ Victor Kiprop (15-1-2019), "10 Countries With The Highest Industrial Outputs In The World", www.worldatlas.com, Retrieved 28-5-2019. Edited.

^ Ab Asa Briggs, Lacey Baldwin Smith, Michael Charles Prestwich, And others (26-5-2019), "United Kingdom", www.britannica.com, Retrieved 28-5-2019. Edited.

↑ "Great Britain: Economy", www.infoplease.com, Retrieved 28-5-2019. Edited.

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- On: 2019-12-15 13:05:13 - Last updated: 2019-12-15 13:05:13

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