The coins are the oldest currency in history


 The Lydian lion coin

The Lydian lion coin is the oldest and first coin minted in history, [1] while some scholars mention that the first coin minted was on the Greek island of Aegina, [2] and the Lydian lion coin was used until the death of King Alyattes. His son Croesus discontinued it and replaced it with a binary coin that is still in use today. [3]


The shape of the Lydian currency

The Lydian currency was famous for its engraved drawings, made of simple geometric shapes, in the center of which is the head of a lion that shows its teeth as if it is roaring, and its eyes were drawn in a severe way that suggests strength, [1] and authority, control, and protection. The lion was considered the embodiment of the sun. The sun over the head of the lion; Because they believed at that time that lions could look directly at the sun. [3]


The value of the Lydian currency

The value of one piece of the Lydian currency was one month's salary per person, and it was equivalent to buying eleven sheep. [3] The Lydian currency was made from Electrum, which is a mixture of gold and silver, and these coins were minted for the purposes of commercial transactions, [1] The Lydians were considered to be the first to combine gold and silver minerals together to make coins. [4]


Information about the region of Lydia

The region of Lydia was named after its ruler’s first name, which is King Lydus, a region located in Asia Minor, which is known as Anatolia today. It is a commercially active region, known for its fertile lands, natural resources, and the abundance of silver and gold minerals. In the Pactolus River, the region was also famous for its luxury textile and leather tanning industry, and the inhabitants of the region had a special language with which they communicate with roots in India and Europe, and a similar alphabet to the Greek language, and it was worked until the first century BC, and few of them have survived. By studying and decoding what is available from historical inscriptions in the region. [5]


References

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